David Hirst's analysis of Smalley's Wind Chimes

Analyst's name: 
David Hirst
Year of analysis: 
2006
Composition title: 
Wind Chimes

Attached as a PDF file is a summary of an analysis of Denis Smalley’s Wind Chimes (Smalley, 2004), a detailed version of which formed the heart of my PhD thesis (Hirst, 2006). The thesis was re-written and published as a book (Hirst, 2008). Links to these publications can be found in the References section. Where chapters are mentioned, these refer to chapters in the thesis/book.

I have also attached a PDF slideshow which consists of 8 screen shots of the interactive study score I created as a part of the analysis. If you play back Wind Chimes, you should be able to advance each screen at 2 minute intervals. In addition the are 4 screen shots of 'short scores' created for every 4 minutes of the piece. 

 

References: 

BALLAS, J. (1993) Common factors in the identification of an assortment of brief everyday sounds. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 19 (2): 250-267.

BARSALOU, L. W. (1992) Cognitive Psychology: An Overview for Cognitive Scientists, New Jersey, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

BIGAND, E. (1993) Contributions of music to research on human auditory cognition. In MCADAMS, S. & BIGAND, E. (Eds.) Thinking in sound: the cognitive psychology of human audition. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 231-277.

BREGMAN, A. S. (1999) Auditory scene analysis : the perceptual organization of sound, Second MIT Press Paperback edition, Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press.

DELIÈGE, I. & EL AHMADI, A. (1990) Mechanisms of cue extraction in musical groupings: A study of perceptions on Sequenza VI for Viola Solo by Luciano Berio. Psychology of Music 18: 18-44.

DOWLING, W. J. & HARWOOD, D. L. (1986) Music cognition, Orlando, Academic Press.

ELLIS, D. (1998) Using knowledge to organize sound: The prediction-driven approach to computational auditory scene analysis, and its application to speech/nonspeech mixtures. In COOKE, M. & OKUNO, H. (Eds.) Speech Communication special issue on Computational Auditory Scene Analysis, 27 (3-4). 281-298.

GODØY, R. I. & JØRGENSEN, H. (Eds.) (2001) Musical imagery, Lisse, Netherlands, Swets & Zeitlinger Publishers. GYGI, B. (2001) Factors In The Identification Of Environmental Sounds. PhD Dissertation, Indiana University.

HIRST, D. (2006) The Development of a Cognitive Framework for the Analysis of Acousmatic Music. PhD Thesis. Faculty of Music, University of Melbourne, Australia. [ http://repository.unimelb.edu.au/10187/889 ]

HIRST, D. (2008). A Cognitive Framework for the Analysis of Acousmatic Music: Analysing Wind Chimes by Denis Smalley VDM Verlag Dr. Muller Aktiengesellschaft & Co. KG. Saarbrücken. [ http://www.amazon.co.uk ]

HOWARD, J. & BALLAS, J. (1980) Syntactic and semantic factors in the classification of nonspeech transient patterns. Perception & Psychophysics 28 (5): 431-439.

LERDAHL, F. (1987) Timbral hierarchies. Contemporary Music Review 2: 135-160.

LERDAHL, F. & JACKENDOFF, R. (1983) A generative theory of tonal music, Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

MCADAMS, S. (1993) Recognition of sound sources and events. In MCADAMS, S. & BIGAND, E. (Eds.) Thinking in Sound: The Cognitive Psychology of Human Audition. Oxford, Oxford University Press, 146-198.

NARMOUR, E. (1989) The 'genetic code' of melody: cognitive structures generated by the implication-realization model. Contemporary Music Review 4: 45-64.

PIERCE, C. (1931-1935) Collected Papers (Vols 1-6), HARTSHORNE, C. & WEISS, P., Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press.

PUCKETTE, M. (1996) Pure Data, Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference, San Francisco, International Computer Music Association, 269-272.

SMALLEY, D. (1994) Defining Timbre - Refining Timbre. Contemporary Music Review, Vol. 10 Part 2. Switzerland, Harwood Academic Publishers, 35-48.

SMALLEY, D. (2004) Wind Chimes. Impacts intérieurs. IMED 0409. Re-issued from IMED 9209 ed., emprintes DIGITALes, Audio CD.

TENNEY, J. (1988) META+HODOS and META Meta+Hodos, (Second Edition), Hanover, NH, Frog Peak Music. VAN LEEUWEN, T. (1999) Speech, Music, Sound. London, Macmillan.

VANDERVEER, N. (1979) Ecological acoustics: human perception of environmental sounds. Dissertation Abstracts International 40: 4543B (University Microfilms No. 8004002).